Enna
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Perched on a vast plateau about 1000 meters above sea level, it is the highest provincial capital in Italy. Enna presents itself to visitors on an immense natural terrace from which you can enjoy stunning views of the fertile valleys that surround it. Archaeological finds at the top and on the slopes of the plateau confirm the city’s ancient origins, which has been handed down by tradition, first as a Sicani and then a Siculi center. In the 7th century BC, the town came into contact with the world of Greek colonization; the necropolis and portions of the walls in parts of Spirito Santo are proof. Moving forward in time, from conquest to conquest, the city was first in the hands of the Carthaginians, and later those of the Romans, who with good reason, called it “Urbs Inexpugnabilis”. After the decline of Rome, the city became an important Byzantine fortress, chosen as a strategic and defensive post because of its prime location. The same military reason was the pretext for the Arabs to conquer it, who made it the capital of an emirate and introduced new irrigation techniques. The Normans conquered the city in 1087 and further strengthened it by building a castle to guard the valley. In Enna therefore, as in other inland towns, history punctuates everything, often mingling with myth and legend. The shores of Lake Pergusa, yellow wheat fields, green pine forests, Cozzo Matrice caves and the Ceres fortress, host the stirring tale of one of the most fascinating myths; that of Persephone, the daughter of Ceres who was abducted by Pluto king of Hades while she picked flowers on the shore of Lake Pergusa. She was taken on his chariot and dragged into the Underworld to become his bride. It is also said that through the intercession of Jupiter, Persephone could rise to the earth’s surface for 6 months a year and then returned back to Pluto. Ceres brought on the cold and frost during the months when her daughter was absent as a sign of grief. She would then awaken nature for the return of Persephone to earth. This explains the cold and fog that every traveller should take into account when visiting Enna in the winter months, which however, seem to preserve views of the city from the ravages of time. In honor of the myth, the University of Enna also is named Kore (another name for Persephone).
Enna is land that was loved by Cicero and Goethe, with its architecture, ancient stone buildings, cobblestones, and its beautiful churches; it continues to fascinate visitors. If we also add a cuisine rich in products linked to its agro-pastoral tradition, including the delicious Piacentino Ennese, it becomes impossible to avoid visiting this quiet and pleasant town, shrouded in mysterious fog for much of the year.
  Click to listen highlighted text! Perched on a vast plateau about 1000 meters above sea level, it is the highest provincial capital in Italy. Enna presents itself to visitors on an immense natural terrace from which you can enjoy stunning views of the fertile valleys that surround it. Archaeological finds at the top and on the slopes of the plateau confirm the city’s ancient origins, which has been handed down by tradition, first as a Sicani and then a Siculi center. In the 7th century BC, the town came into contact with the world of Greek colonization; the necropolis and portions of the walls in parts of Spirito Santo are proof. Moving forward in time, from conquest to conquest, the city was first in the hands of the Carthaginians, and later those of the Romans, who with good reason, called it “Urbs Inexpugnabilis”. After the decline of Rome, the city became an important Byzantine fortress, chosen as a strategic and defensive post because of its prime location. The same military reason was the pretext for the Arabs to conquer it, who made it the capital of an emirate and introduced new irrigation techniques. The Normans conquered the city in 1087 and further strengthened it by building a castle to guard the valley. In Enna therefore, as in other inland towns, history punctuates everything, often mingling with myth and legend. The shores of Lake Pergusa, yellow wheat fields, green pine forests, Cozzo Matrice caves and the Ceres fortress, host the stirring tale of one of the most fascinating myths; that of Persephone, the daughter of Ceres who was abducted by Pluto king of Hades while she picked flowers on the shore of Lake Pergusa. She was taken on his chariot and dragged into the Underworld to become his bride. It is also said that through the intercession of Jupiter, Persephone could rise to the earth’s surface for 6 months a year and then returned back to Pluto. Ceres brought on the cold and frost during the months when her daughter was absent as a sign of grief. She would then awaken nature for the return of Persephone to earth. This explains the cold and fog that every traveller should take into account when visiting Enna in the winter months, which however, seem to preserve views of the city from the ravages of time. In honor of the myth, the University of Enna also is named Kore (another name for Persephone). Enna is land that was loved by Cicero and Goethe, with its architecture, ancient stone buildings, cobblestones, and its beautiful churches; it continues to fascinate visitors. If we also add a cuisine rich in products linked to its agro-pastoral tradition, including the delicious Piacentino Ennese, it becomes impossible to avoid visiting this quiet and pleasant town, shrouded in mysterious fog for much of the year.

 

 

 

 


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